Pinehurst No. 2

Pinehurst No. 2, the centerpiece of Pinehurst Resort, remains one of the world’s most celebrated golf courses. It has served as the site of more single golf championships than any course in America and, in 2014, made history again, becoming the first to serve as host to the U.S. Open and U.S. Women’s Open Championships in consecutive weeks. Opened in 1907, No. 2 was designed by Donald Ross, who called it “the fairest test of championship golf I have ever designed.” Ross was associated with the course for nearly a half-century, improving the course continually until his death in 1948. No. 2 is best known for its crowned, undulating greens, which are some of the most complex and widely hailed in the world. In March 2011, No. 2 reopened following a yearlong, $2.5 million restoration by the design firm of Coore & Crenshaw that restored the course’s natural and historic character. For images, visit

Golf Course Maintenance

  • Director, Grounds and Golf Course Management – Bob Farren CGCS
  • Pinehurst No. 2 Golf Course Superintendent – John Jeffreys CGCS

Pinehurst No. 2 Characteristics

  • Acres on No. 2                                 196
  • Acres of turf                                     ~55 (90 prior to restoration)
  • Acres of fairways                             ~41 (28 prior) of tightly-mown turf, including distressed areas no longer irrigated
  • Acres of rough                                  0 (45 prior for regular play, 50 for U.S. Open)
  • Acres of sandscape                          23
  • Acres of tees and green surrounds  17
  • Square feet of greens                       115,000 (6,388 avg sq/ft)


  • Type of irrigation system: Toro Site Pro (radio controlled heads)
  • Source of water: Lake Pinehurst
  • Total number of irrigation heads: ~450 (reduced from about 1,125 prior to restoration)
  • Overall: Reduced total irrigated area by about 40 percent
  • Coverage on fairways: Irrigation re-designed to cover fine turf areas; minimizing irrigating areas where water is not needed.

Turf Varieties, Mowing Heights & Frequencies

  • Greens:   Champion Ultradwarf Bermuda. Grass (Mowed to 0.125”)
  • Tees, Fairways, Green Surrounds:   Tifway  419 Bermuda Grass (Mowed to 0.4”)

Championships on Pinehurst No. 2

U.S. Open Championship

1999, 2005, 2014

Ryder Cup Matches


PGA Championship


U.S. Women’s Open Championship


U.S. Men’s Amateur Championship

1962, 2008

THE TOUR Championship

1991, 1992

U.S. Senior Open Championship


Maxfli PGA Junior Championship


USGA Women’s Amateur


Independent Insurance Youth Classic (Big I)

1987, 1992

Men’s & Women’s World Amateur Team Championship


North & South Junior Tournament

(since 1979)

World Golf Hall of Fame Classic


PGA Club Professional Championship

1971-74, 1988

Western Golf Association Amateur Championship


Southern Golf Association Amateur Championship

1965, 1977

North & South Senior Women’s Amateur

(since 1958)

North & South Senior Men’s Amateur

(since 1952)

Donald Ross Memorial Junior

(since 1948)

North & South Women’s Amateur

(since 1903

North & South Open Championship


North & South Men’s Amateur

(since 1901)

Restoration Information

Donald Ross believed in providing golfers with strategic choices, and Pinehurst No. 2 was intended to epitomize that philosophy. Following a year-long, $2.5 million restoration by the design firm of Coore & Crenshaw, Pinehurst No. 2 reopened in March 2011 with a return to the natural and strategic character that was the essence of Ross’ original design. The project included the removal of approximately 26 acres of turf and the reintroduction of hardpan, sandy waste areas, natural bunker edges and native wire grasses. Further details of the restoration include:

  • Increase fairway widths. Fairways were widened by about 50%, on average, to offer more strategic options in playing holes from tee to green.
  • Removal of rough. All rough was eliminated, leaving two lengths of grass: greens and everything else.
  • Reintroduction of natural areas. A more natural look replaced the wall-to-wall grass appearance synonymous with the modern era. About 35 acres (or 40 percent) of irrigated turf were stripped and restored to natural areas featuring sand, wire grass, pine straw and a variety of native grasses.
  • Turf maintenance. Wall-to-wall irrigation was replaced with the center water lines that have been in place for more than 60 years. These irrigation lines define the shapes of fairways, and grass outside of the fairways will become distressed turf. No. 2 is watered by about 450 sprinkler heads – down from about 1,125 prior to the restoration.
  • Firmer, faster fairways. Firmer and wider fairways produce more roll off the tee, which benefits shots that remain in the fairway while penalizing shots that continue to bounce into sand, distressed areas, pine straw and native grasses.
  • Bunker modifications. Several bunkers were restored, eliminated or reshaped based on aerial images of the course from the 1940s.
  • New tees. Eight new tees were added to the championship course, increasing the total championship length to 7,485 yards from 7,214.
  • Greens modifications. While No. 2’s famous greens went largely untouched, minor modifications were made to the 15th and 17th greens in order to create additional pin placements.